The Italian VET system

In Italy the VET providers, in order to be able to get an accreditation need to have: at least 70 % of students obtaining a qualification, and a certain percentage of students finding employment or go on to further training. Furthermore at least the 60 % of beneficiaries should express a positive opinion about the course. For the learners no precise standards have been defined so far, but there are quite detailed curricula.

The regions have not to date implemented a national certification system. But some regions (like Emilia Romagna, Piedmont and Tuscany), are developing their own qualification system. These systems are about initial and continuing VET, and are based on outcome standards related to competences that young people or adults must have to work in occupational fields.

To obtain a regional qualification it is important to pass a final examination that must be held in the presence of a committee consisting of an external representative and class teachers.To ensure that providers do have the conditions for accreditation self-evaluation reports and on-the-spot inspections are used. In Italy the actors involved to define targets and standards are: the Ministry of Labour, the regional representatives and the social partners.

  • The strengths of the Italian VET system are that the stakeholders are involved in the process and that there has been the introduction of a national evaluation system and a accreditation system for VET providers
  • The weakness consists in a lack of national standards and the variation between the regions.

In Italy, there are no specific targets for the system, but the European benchmarks are an important point of reference. Training providers must now respect floor targets (concerning efficiency and the effectiveness of their activities). There is also an important discussion on the definition of standards for learners going on. Furthermore the reform 53/2003 has introduced basic performance levels for VET which will have to be achieved by the regional authorities.